As a result, several of you have asked me for a complete list of commands available for the meterpreter because there doesn't seem to be a complete list anywhere on the web. So here it goes. Hack a system and have fun testing out these commands.
At its most basic use, meterpreter is a Linux terminal on the victim's computer. As such, many of our basic Linux commands can be used on the meterpreter even if it's on a Windows or other operating system. Here are some of the core commands we can use on the meterpreter:
? help menu background moves the current session to the background bgkill kills a background meterpreter script bglist provides a list of all running background scripts bgrun runs a script as a background thread channel displays active channels close closes a channel exit terminates a meterpreter session exploit executes the meterpreter script designated after it help help menu interact interacts with a channel irb go into Ruby scripting mode migrate moves the active process to a designated PID quit terminates the meterpreter session read reads the data from a channel run executes the meterpreter script designated after it use loads a meterpreter extension write writes data to a channel
cat read and output to stdout the contents of a file cd change directory on the victim del delete a file on the victim download download a file from the victim system to the attacker system edit edit a file with vim getlwd print the local directory getwd print working directory lcd change local directory lpwd print local directory ls list files in current directory mkdir make a directory on the victim system pwd print working directory rm delete (remove) a file rmdir remove directory on the victim system upload upload a file from the attacker system to the victim
ipconfig displays network interfaces with key information including IP address, etc. portfwd forwards a port on the victim system to a remote service route view or modify the victim routing table
clearev clears the event logs on the victim's computer drop_token drops a stolen token execute executes a command getpid gets the current process ID (PID) getprivs gets as many privileges as possible getuid get the user that the server is running as kill terminate the process designated by the PID ps list running processes reboot reboots the victim computer reg interact with the victim's registry rev2self calls RevertToSelf() on the victim machine shell opens a command shell on the victim machine shutdown shuts down the victim's computer steal_token attempts to steal the token of a specified (PID) process sysinfo gets the details about the victim computer such as OS and name
enumdesktops lists all accessible desktops getdesktop get the current meterpreter desktop idletime checks to see how long since the victim system has been idle keyscan_dump dumps the contents of the software keylogger keyscan_start starts the software keylogger when associated with a process such as Word or browser keyscan_stop stops the software keylogger screenshot grabs a screenshot of the meterpreter desktop set_desktop changes the meterpreter desktop uictl enables control of some of the user interface components
getsystem uses 15 built-in methods to gain sysadmin privileges
hashdump grabs the hashes in the password (SAM) file
Note that hashdump will often trip AV software, but there are now two scripts that are more stealthy, run hashdump and run smart_hashdump. Look for more on those in my meterpreter script cheat sheet.
timestomp manipulates the modify, access, and create attributes of a file
I've already used many of these commands in previous tutorials, and I will be using more in future guides as well to show you how they work. Also, bookmark this page as it is possibly the most complete cheat sheet of meterpreter commands found anywhere on the web, so you'll want it to refer back to this sheet often.
Finally, check out my second meterpreter cheat sheet with the 135 scripts available for the meterpreter to continue hacking with metasploit.
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